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What is a self-portrait anyway?

Recently at the Drawing Room in London, the elegant exhibition – CLOSE: Drawn Portraits – brought together examples of artists’ portraits and self-portraits from over two hundred years of artistic production. Encompassing a period from Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres to Claudette Johnson, the exhibition revealed the historical and stylistic differences across this time, but perhaps more surprisingly, it emphasised much more the artworks’ shared characteristics and the artists’ shared endeavours. Above all, what connected the artworks in this exhibition was twofold: on the one hand, their subject matter – all of them portrayals of people; and on the other, their media – the use of graphic arts to encapsulate, interrogate, or express their human subjects.

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Drawings

Given Katrin Bellinger’s keen interest in drawings, it is perhaps not surprising that this is one of the strengths of the collection. To date, there are some 400 sheets, the earliest of which is a French manuscript illumination of around 1500, and among the most recent, a studio view of 2007 by British artist, Catherine Goodman.

The Old Masters are well represented in the collection and highlights include drawings by Guercino, Giambattista and Domenico Tiepolo, Hubert Robert, Antoine Watteau, Ingres and Allaert van Everdingen. Noteworthy is the group of 19th-century drawings by artists such as Georges Seurat, James Ensor and Paul Matthey, among others. The collection extends into the 20th century with artists such as Egon Schiele, Max Liebermann, William Orpen and Horst Janssen.

Max Liebermann, Berlin 1847–1935

Self-Portrait with Straw Hat and Sketch Pad, c. 1924

Watercolour, 309 x 244 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2010-029

Horst Janssen, Hamburg 1929–1999 Hamburg

Self-Portrait, Poster Design for Galerie Kornfeld, 1971

Black and coloured chalks, 560 x 332 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2012-016

Paul Mathey, Paris 1844–1929 Paris

Félicien Rops at the Press, 1888

Pencil and pen in brown ink, with white gouache, 315 x 228 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 1992-019

See also in the collection the final painting.

Egon Schiele, Tulin 1890–1918 Vienna

Office at the Mühling Prisoner-of-War Camp (Schreibstube im Kriegsgefangenenlager Mühling), 1916

Black and red crayon, 461 x 292 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2013-031

Georges Seurat, Paris 1859–1891 Paris

Le Peintre à la palette (recto); Buste d'homme (verso), c. 1881

Black conté crayon, 175 x 110 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2010-028

Ermenegildo Antonio Donadini, Spolarto 1847–1936 Radebeul

Artist's Studio, Munich, 1877

Pencil, 348 x 417mm Katrin Bellinger collection, inv. no. 2010-011

Hubert Robert, Paris 1733 - 1808 Paris

Roman Studio of the Antiquities Restorer, Bartolomeo Cavaceppi, 1765

Black chalk Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2013-030

Pierfrancesco Mola, Coldrerio 1612 - 1666 Rome

Self-Portrait

Black and red chalk. Yellow, red, blue and mauve, brown and white pastels on light brown paper, 315 x 246 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2016-026

Jean Honoré Fragonard, Grasse 1732 - 1806 Paris

The Inspiration of the Artist

Pen and brown ink and wash over black chalk within pen and brown ink framing lines, 230 x 349 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2016-025

Jacques Antoine Marie Lemoine, Rouen 1751 - 1824 Paris

Portrait of Jean Honoré Fragonard, 1797

Black chalk, stomp and highlights in white chalk on beige paper, 320 x 225 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2016-016

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Lyon 1824 - Paris 1898

Self-Portrait holding a Palette, c. 1883-87

Pastel on linen canvas, 653 x 500 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2016-015

Hubert Robert, Paris 1733 - 1808 Paris

DEUX DESSINATEURS AU MILIEAU DE FRAGMENTS ANTIQUES, DEVANT LE PANTHÉON DE PARIS, 1804

Pen and grey ink with watercolour over underdrawing in pencil, 130 x 200 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2016-006

Arthur Pond, London 1701 - 1758 London

An Amateur Pastellist at her Easel, Circa 1737

Pastel, 640 x 508 mm. Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-007

Jean-Jacques Karpff, Colmar 1770 - 1829 Versailles

Self-Portrait, 1794

Pastel, 310 x 235 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2011-005

Paul Cesar Helleu, Vannes 1859 - 1927 Paris

Paulette, the daughter of the Artist, drawing, circa 1920

Sanguine on paper Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-017

Eugene Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc, Paris 1814 - 1879 Lausanne

The artist sketching while trapped in a crevasse, 1870

Watercolour heightened with gouache, 229 x 133 mm. Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-003

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Montauban 1780 - 1867 Paris

Portrait of Auguste Gaspard Louis Boucher-Desnoyers, 1825

Graphite on vellum paper Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 1995-038

Lovis Corinth, Tapiau, Prussia 1858 - 1925 Zandvoort

Sel-portrait with pencil and sketchbook, 1924

Graphite Katrin Bellinger collection, inv. no. 2017-006

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Paintings

There are over 120 paintings in the collection, mostly dating to the 19th century, when depictions of artists working in their studios became a popular genre. The French school is especially strong with works by Honoré Daumier, François Bonvin, Paul Mathey, Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps, Emile Friant and Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier. The subject appears more rarely in Old Master paintings, though the collection has fine examples by David Teniers the Younger, Anthony Van Dyck and Frans Francken the Younger.

Honoré Victorin Daumier, Marseille 1808–1879 Valmondois

L'Aquafortiste

Oil on canvas, 135 x 180 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 1993-003

Frans Francken II, Antwerp 1581–1642

A Painter at his Easel

Oil on copper, 280 x 240 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 1998-039

Emile Friant, Dieuze 1863–1932 Paris

Victor Preuvé (1858-1943) in His Studio, 'Le Coin Favori', 1883

Oil on panel, 547 x 455 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2000-024

Paul Mathey, Paris 1844–1929 Paris

Félicien Rops in His Studio

Oil on canvas, 650 x 500 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 1998-003

Petrus van Schendel, Terhijden 1806–1870 Brussels

Artist in His Studio

Oil on wood, 436 x 605 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2007-008

Anthony van Dyck, Antwerp 1599–1641 London

Portrait of Karel van Mallery (1571-1645)

Oil on board, 230 x 178 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 1998-010

Pierre Louis Bouvier, Geneva 1766 - 1836 Geneva

PORTRAIT OF A LADY, HALF-LENGTH, HOLDING AN ARTIST'S PORTFOLIO, SEATED AT A TABLE WITH A CHEST OF DRAWING MATERIALS, 1812

Oil on canvas (unlined), 222 x 195 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2016-003

Daniel Maclise, Cork 1806 - 1870 London

Self-Portrait as a Young Man, circa 1826 - 27

Oil on panel, 230 x 190 mm. Katrin Bellinger collection, inv. no. 2015-025

Kalman Dery, Bacs 1859 - 1940 Munich

The Painter's Studio, 1883

Oil on canvas, 49.5 x 68 cm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2018-002

Edouard Duyck

Self-Portrait, As reflected from a Convex Mirror, 1883

Oil on panel, 12cm diameter Katrin Bellinger Collection 2000-015

Walter Gay, Boston 1856–1937 Le Bréau

Studio of the Sculptor, Jean-Louis Gregoire, 1888

Oil on panel, 405 x 270mm Katrin Bellinger collection, inv. no. 2011-002

François Bonvin, Paris 1817–1887 Saint-Germain-en-Laye

The Artist's Sign, a Trompe L'Oeil with Palette, 1866

Oil on zinc, 250 x 170mm Katrin Bellinger collection, inv. no. 2010-011

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Prints

The print collection has grown steadily in recent years and now includes over 300 works. It features iconic examples in excellent impressions such as Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait Drawing at a Window and Rembrandt and Saskia, as well as works by lesser-known hands such as the German printmakers, Johann Jakob Haid, Johann Adam Klein and Georg Friedrich Schmidt. Also included are important artists’ manuals by Odoardo Fialetti and Abraham Bloemaert. The holdings of modern and contemporary prints continue to grow and features Rembrandt’s Kunstcaemer by the Parisian printmaker, Érik Desmazières.

Georg Friedrich Schmidt, Berlin 1712–1775 Berlin

Self-Portrait with Spider in the Window, 1758

Etching, 247 x 192 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2011-010

Enea Vico, Parma 1523–1567 Ferrara

The Academy of Baccio Bandinelli, c. 1545/50

Engraving, 309 x 483 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 1998-039

Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Leiden 1606–1669 Amsterdam

Rembrandt and Saskia, 1636

Etching, 105 x 93 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2013-002

Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Leiden 1606–1669 Amsterdam

Self-Portrait Drawing at a Window, 1648

Etching with drypoint and engraving, 159 x 130 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2012-003

Érik Desmazières, Rabat 1948–

Rembrandt's Kunstcaemer, 2007

Etching with roulette and aquatint, 417 x 566 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2012-025

Abraham Bloemaert, Gorinchem 1566–1651 Utrecht

Oorspronkelijk en vermaard konstrijk tekenboek van Abraham Bloemaert ... Amsterdam, Reiner and Jozua Ottens, 1740

Engraving in printed book, 380 x 300 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 1995-071

Charles Goenette, Paris 1854 - 1894 Auvers-sur-Oise

CHARLES GOENETTE, Before 1888

Drypoint, 354 x 150 mm (image); 55 x 34.5 cm (with plate) on Arches laid paper Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2016-022

Angilbert Göbel, Frankfurt, 1821-1882

PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST, CHRISTIAN SIEDENTOPF ENGRAVING AND SMOKING, 1843

Etching, 146 x 146 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2016-012

Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione, Genoa 1609 - 1664 Mantua

The Genius of Castiglione

Etching, 368 x 245 mm. Katrin Bellinger collection, inv. no. 2016-041

Georg Baselitz, 1938 Deutschbaselitz

Der Maler

Etching, 315 x 237 mm. Katrin Bellinger collection, inv. no. 2016-040

Francisco Jose de Goya y Luciente, Fuendetodos, Aragon 1746 - 1828 Bordeaux

Self-Portrait, Circa 1797-1798

Etching and aquatint, 21.8 x 15.3 cm. Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-041

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Photographs

With over 300 examples, the photographic holdings have increased steadily. The corpus of 19th-century artists’ studio views is particularly significant, and now includes a large group by photographers Edmond Bénard and Paul Marsan (Dornac). A noteworthy series of portraits by J. P. Mayall showing Academicians of the Royal Academy in their studios was used to illustrate F. G. Stephens’ Artists at Home (1884). Portraits of Lucian Freud and his contemporaries by David Dawson and Bruce Bernard are among the modern and contemporary works in the collection.

David Dawson, Pwllheli 1960–

Lucian Freud, Shaving from Lucian Freud: Studio Life

C-type photographic print, 553 x 743 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2012-008

Anonymous, 20th c.

Max Liebermann Painting His Self-Portrait in His Studio, Pariser Platz, Berlin

Gelatin silver print, 130 x 178 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2006-023

Bern Schwartz, New York City 1914–1978 La Jolla

Portrait of David Hockney, 1977

Printed from a digital scan of original negative Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2008-024

Joseph Parkin Mayall, British, 1839-1906

Portrait of Frederic, Baron Leighton of Stretton, R.A., ca.1884

Albumen print, 179 x 217 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2000-041

Paul Marsan, 1858–1941

The Painter and Engraver, Félix Bracquemond, 1904

Vintage citrate print, 108 x 170 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2013-009

Ugo Mulas, Pozzolengo 1928 - 1973 Milan

JIM DINE, NEW YORK, 1964/65

Vintage silver gelatin print, 275 x 475 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2016-004

Henri Cartier-Bresson, Chauteloup-en-Brie 1908 - Montjustin 2004

Henri Matisse, 1944

Vintage silver print, 177 x 253 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2015-089

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Sculpture

Sculptural depictions of artists at work are relatively rare and there are only a handful of examples – just over 20 – in the collection. Highlights include the Hands of the Painter, Meissonier in cast bronze by Vincenzo Gemito and Denys Puech’s Portrait of Léon Bonnat. Although not strictly showing an artist working, the collection includes several portrait medals, among them Caspar Berger’s provocative Vera Icon/Self-Portrait of 2010 in 18k gold. One of the great rarities of the collection is a female mannequin made in Southern Germany around 1550.

Emile-Antoine Bourdelle, Montauban 1861–1929 Le Vésinet

The Young Sculptor, c. 1908

Bronze, 28 cm (h) Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2014-046

Vincenzo Gemito, Naples 1852–1929 Naples

The Hands of Jean-Louis Ernest Meisonnier, 1879

Bronze, 200 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2000-007

Anonymous, Southern German School

Female Mannequin, c. 1550

Boxwood, 450 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2011-027

Denys Pierre Puech, Gavernac 1854–1942 Paris

Portrait of Léon Bonnat, Full-Length, Holding a Palette, 1903

Plaster of Paris, 525 mm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2008-008

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Recent Acquisitions

The collection’s holdings of French drawings were enriched this year by some important pieces, such as Edgar Degas’s charming early sheet of studies in graphite (c. 1853-54), and a spirited portrait by Honoré Daumier thought to represent Camille Corot at work (c. 1866-67). Examples by well-known masters are acquired in dialogue with less-familiar names, as in the case of a beautiful monochrome drawing showing a painter deeply absorbed in his work by Victor-Charles-François Mongodin (1850) – a technical tour-de-force in the combination of charcoal estompé and white heightening.

 

Amongst the nineteenth-century works significant additions were Martinus Rørbye’s Portrait of Professor C. A. Lorentzen in his studio (1827) and Kalman Dery’s The painter’s studio (1883). In spite of the different settings and status of the sitters, both works share an air of informality in the way each artist is depicted in a contemplative moment of pause.

 

Notable acquisitions amongst the representations of female artists at work include Arthur Pond’s portrait of an amateur pastellist (c. 1737), which may represent one of Pond’s aristocratic tutees, Lady Helena Rawdon (née Perceval; 1714-1746). A notable addition was also François Bonvin’s Sophie Unternährer painting at the easel (1848), now reunited with one of Bonvin’s preparatory drawings, already in the Katrin Bellinger collection.

 

The print collection continues to grow both chronologically and geographically, with such works as Georg Friedrich Schmidt’s first Rembradtesque self-portrait (1752): inspired by Rembrandt’s Self-portrait drawing at a window, here Schmidt has renounced the architectural backdrop to home in on the presence and intense gaze of the artist. Amongst the modern prints, Lovis Corinth’s rare lithographic Self-portrait of 1920-21 joins other graphic works by the German master in the collection.

 

The photography holdings now include Sabine Weiss’s representation of Alberto Giacometti working on a clay model, Ernst Scheidegger’s captivating shot of Salvador Dalí in his studio, and Serge Vandercam’s portrait of Jean Arp posing by his easel. With John Sergeant’s The Drawing school at the Royal Academy (1962) and John Ward’s Self-portrait with model, the collection continues to expand into the latter part of the 20th century. While important additions to the contemporary sculpture collection are two bronze pieces, Not Vital’s Self-portrait (1995) and Phillida Barlows’s Untitled: Paintsticks (2017).

 

 

 

Phyllida Barlow, Newcastle upon Tyne 1944

Untitled: Paintsticks, 2017

11 Bronze sticks Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-043

Not Vital, Engadin 1948

Untitled (Self Portrait), 1995

Bronze, 21.6 x 21.6 cm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-040

Ernst Scheidegger, Rorschach 1923 - 2016 Zürich

Salvador Dali, 2003

Silver Gelatin Print, 20 x 28 cm. Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-062

Kalman Dery, Bacs 1859 - 1940 Munich

The Painter's Studio, 1883

Oil on canvas, 49.5 x 68 cm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2018-002

Sabine Weiss, Saint-Gingolph 1924

Alberto Giacometti, 1954

Silver print, 29.5 x 19.5 cm. Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-015

Martinus Rørbye, Drammen 1803 - Copenhagen 1848

Portrait of Professor C. A. Lorentzen in his Studio, 1827

Oil on canvas, 70.4 x 57.1 cm. Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-044

John Sergeant, London 1937 - 2007 Powys

The Drawing School at the Royal Academy, 1962

Coloured chalks and crayon, 68.6 x 71.1 cm Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-050

Arthur Pond, London 1701 - 1758 London

An Amateur Pastellist at her Easel, Circa 1737

Pastel, 640 x 508 mm. Katrin Bellinger Collection, inv. no. 2017-007

John Ward, Hereford 1917 - 2007 Bilting, Kent

Sel-portrait with model

Pencil, 31.1 X 46.4 cm. Katrin Bellinger Collection 2017-049

Victor-Charles-François Mongodin, Vire 1819 - ?

Un peintre

Black pencil, charcoal, stumping, white chalk, heightened with gouache on lilac paper, 30.5 x 22.3 cm. Katrin Bellinger Collection 2018-051

Lovis Corinth, Tapiau, Prussia 1858 - 1925 Zandvoort

Self-portrait, 1920-21

Lithograph on cream laid Japan paper, 31.5 x 25 cm. Katrin Bellinger Collection 2018-027

François Bonvin, Paris 1817 - 1887 Saint-Germain-en-Laye

Sophie Unternährer painting at the Easel, 1848

Oil on canvas, 24.2 x 18.7 cm. Katrin Bellinger Collection 2018-041

Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas, Paris 1834 - 1917 Paris

Study of the Artist’s Hands, with Subsidiary Studies after the “Nike Unbinding her Sandal Strap,” and a Figure Wearing a Cope, circa 1853-54

Graphite on pale pink laid paper, 12.3 x 23.4 cm. Katrin Bellinger Collection 2018-015

Honoré Victorin Daumier, Marseilles 1808 - 1879 Valmondois

Le peintre (presumed Portrait of Corot), circa 1866-67

Pen and black ink on laid paper Katrin Bellinger Collection 2018-050

Georg Friedrich Schmidt, Berlin 1712 - 1775 Berlin

Self-portrait, Drawing, 1752

Etching and engraving, 21.1 x 17.2 cm. Katrin Bellinger Collection 2018-048

Serge Vandercam, Copenhagen 1924 - 2005 Wavre

Jean Arp

Katrin Bellinger Collection 2018-019